Safety Data Sheet
main use of cadmium is the electroplating of other metals,
mainly steel, iron and copper. Almost 50% of all cadmium
is used for this purpose. Cadmium may also be alloyed
with copper, nickel, gold, silver, bismuth and aluminium
to form easily fusible compounds which can be used as
coatings for other materials, and in welding and in
soldering processes (Friberg & Elinder, 1983; Sittig,
1985). In addition, cadmium compounds are used in the
production of pigments and dyes (cadmium sulphide, cadmium
sulphoselenide), as stabilizers in plastics (cadmium
stearate), and in the electrodes of nickel-cadmium alkaline
batteries. Cadmium compounds are also used in printing,
in textiles, in television phosphors, photography, lasers,
in semiconductors, pyrotechnics, solar cells, scintillation
counters, as a neutron absorber in nuclear reactors,
in dental amalgams, in the manufacture of fluorescent
lamps, in jewellery, in engraving, in the automobile
and aircraft industries, as pesticides, polymerization
catalysts and in paints and glass. Cadmium is found
in superphosphate fertilizers (Stokinger, 1981; Friberg
& Elinder 1983).
Local: Hazard Overview:
Strong oxidizer. Contact with other material may cause
a fire. Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air).
Causes eye and skin irritation. Harmful if swallowed,
inhaled, or absorbed through the skin. Cancer hazard.
Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse
effects in the aquatic environment. Target Organs: Blood,
skeletal structures, eyes, skin.