1-DECYNE

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO. 764-93-2

1-DECYNE

EINECS NO.

212-132-8

FORMULA HCC(CH2)7CH3
MOL WT. 138.25

H.S. CODE

 
TOXICITY  
SYNONYMS Decyne-1; Nonylacetylene; Dec-1-yne;
Dec-1-ino (Spanish); Dec-1-yne (French); Dec-1-in (German);
SMILES

 

CLASSIFICATION

 

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE clear liqid
MELTING POINT -44 C
BOILING POINT

174 - 176 C

SPECIFIC GRAVITY

0.767

SOLUBILITY IN WATER  
pH  
VAPOR DENSITY 4.7

AUTOIGNITION

 

NFPA RATINGS

Health: 1; Flammability: 2; Reactivity: 0

REFRACTIVE INDEX

1.4270

FLASH POINT 48 C
STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions.

APPLICATIONS

Alkynes are aliphatic hydrocarbons that have one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds. The general structure of the alkyne hydrocarbons with one triple bond is CnH2n-2. They are insoluble in water but easily soluble in common organic solvents of low polarity. The features of alkynes in chemical synthesis is due to the acidity of hydrogen atoms bonded to triply bonded carbons as well as the triple bonds themselves. Addition reactions are typical in alkyne reactions; halogenation, hydrogenation, hydrohalogenation, hydration, oxidative cleavage,  nitrile formation and acidity of terminal alkynes. Polymerisation and substitution reactions are also useful in chemical synthesis.
  • Addition Reactions
    • Catalytic Hydrogenation by Pt and Pd hydrogenation catalysts to yeild alkanes without isolation of alkene intermediates.
    • Catalytic Hydrogenation by Lindlar's catalyst to yeild cis- or trans- alkenes without further reduction to alkanes
    • Addition by Electrophilic Reagents
      • Addition of halides (chlorine, bromine, iodine) to yield dihalogen substituted alkanes at the solid bond site
      • Addition of hydrogen halides (HCl, HBr, HI) to yield monohalogen substituted alkenes or dihalogen substituted alkanes
    • Hydration of alkynes to yield ketone products through enol tautomer intermediate stage, whereas the hydration of solid bonds gives alcohol products (exceptionally acetylene yields acetaldehyde ).
    • Hydroboration by disiamylborane to yield ketones or aldehydes
    • Oxidation cleavages of the triple-bond to give carboxylic acid products with oxidizing agents (potassium permanganate and ozone)
  • Nucleophilile Addition by sp-hybrid carbon atoms of the triple-bond render alkynes (nitrile formation)
  • Nucleophilile Reduction by solutions of sodium in liquid ammonia to trans-alkenes

The name of all alkynes end in "-yne" adding a prefix to indicate the location of the triple bond in the molecule.

SALES SPECIFICATION

APPEARANCE

clear liquid

CONTENT

95.0% min

MOISTURE

0.5% max

TRANSPORTATION

PACKING 150kgs in drum
HAZARD CLASS 3 (Packing Group: II)
UN NO.

3295

OTHER INFORMATION
Hazard Symbols: , Risk Phrases: 10, Safety Phrases: 23-33-62

ALKYNES

COMPOUND

SYNONYM

FORMULA

CAS RN

M.P (C)

B.P (C)

Ethyne

Acetylene

C2H2 74-86-2

-84.0

-28

Propyne

Methyl acetylene

C3H 74-99-7 -103 -23

1,3-Butadiyne

Diacetylene

C4H2 460-12-8

 

10

1-Butyne

Ethyl acetylene

C4H6 107-00-6 -125.7

8

2-Butyne

Crotonylene C4H6 503-17-3 -32.2 27

1,3-Pentadiyne

 

C5H4 4911-55-1

 

 

3-Penten-1-yne

Propenyl acetylene

C5H6 2206-23-7

 

 

2-Methyl-1-buten-3-yne

Isopropenyl acetylene

C5H6 78-80-8

-113

32

1-Penten-3-yne

Methyl vinyl acetylene

C5H6 646-05-9

 

 

1-Penten-4-yne

Allyl acetylene

C5H6 871-28-3

 

 

2-Pentyne

Ethyl methyl acetylene

C5H8 627-21-4 -109 56

3-Methyl-1-butyne

Isopropyl acetylene

C5H8 598-23-2 -89.7

26

1-Pentyne

Propyl acetylene

C5H8 627-19-0 -106

40

3-Hexyne

Diethyl acetylene

C6H10 928-49-4 -103

81

2-Hexyne

Methyl propyl acetylene

C6H10 764-35-2 -89.1

84

4-Methyl-1-pentyne

Isobutyl acetylene

C6H10 7154-75-8 -105

61

1-Hexyne

Butyl acetylene

C6H10 693-02-7 -131.9

71

3-Methyl-1-pentyne

sec-Butyl acetylene

C6H10 922-59-8

 

58

4-Methyl-2-pentyne

Isopropyl methyl acetylene

C6H10 21020-27-9

-110

73

3,3-Dimethyl-1-butyne

tert-Butyl acetylene

C6H10 917-92-0 -78.2 38

1,5-Hexadiyne

Dipropargyl

C6H6 628-16-0

-6

86

1,4-Hexadiyne

 

C6H6 10420-91-4

 

79

1,5-Hexadien-3-yne

Divinyl acetylene

C6H6 821-08-9

 

 

1-Hexen-3-yne

Ethyl vinyl acetylene

C6H8 13721-54-5

 

84

4-Methyl-2-hexyne

sec-Butyl methyl acetylene

C7H12

20198-49-6 -108

100

2-Methyl-3-hexyne

Isopropyl ethyl acetylene

C7H12

 

-117

95

5-Methyl-2-hexyne

Isobutyl methyl acetylene

C7H12 53566-37-3

-93

102

3-Ethyl-1-pentyne

 

C7H12

 

 

84

1-Heptyne

n-Pentyl acetylene

C7H12 628-71-7

-81

100

4,4-Dimethyl-2-pentyne

tert-Butyl methyl acetylene

C7H12 999-78-0

 

83

3-Heptyne

Ethyl propyl acetylene

C7H12 2586-89-2

-131

107

4,4-Dimethyl-1-pentyne

Neopentyl acetylene

C7H12

 

-75

78

2-Heptyne

n-Butyl methyl acetylene

C7H12 1119-65-9

 

112

1,6-Heptadiyne

 

C7H8 2396-63-6

 

108

1,7-Octadiyne

 

C8H10 871-84-1

 

135

2,6-Octadiyne

 

C8H10 764-73-8

 

 

Cyclooctyne

 

C8H12 1781-78-8

 

 

4-Octyne

Dipropyl acetylene

C8H14 1942-45-6 -102.5

132

1-Octyne

n-Hexyl acetylene

C8H14 629-05-0 -79.3 126

3-Octyne

n-Butyl ethyl acetylene

C8H14 15232-76-5 -104

133

2-Octyne

n-Pentyl methyl acetylene

C8H14 2809-67-8 -61.6 138

1,8-Nonadiyne

 

C9H12 2396-65-8 -21

 

Cyclononyne

 

C9H14 6573-52-0

 

 

1-Nonyne

n-Heptyl acetylene

C9H16 3452-09-3 -50 151

3-Nonyne

Methyl n-pentyl acetylene

C9H16 20184-89-8

 

157

2-Nonyne

n-Hexyl methyl acetylene

C9H16 19447-29-1

 

162

4-Nonyne

n-Butyl propyl acetylene

C9H16 20184-91-2

 

 

Cyclodecyne

 

C10H16 3022-41-1

 

 

5-Decyne

Di-n-butyl acetylene

C10H18 1942-46-7

-73

 

3-Decyne

Ethyl n-hexyl acetylene

C10H18 2384-85-2

 

179

1-Decyne

n-Octyl acetylene

C10H18 764-93-2

-44

174

2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-3-hexyne

Di-tert-butyl acetylene

C10H18 17530-24-4

 

 

1-Undecyne

n-Nonyl acetylene

C11H20 2243-98-3 -25

195

6-Dodecyne

Di-n-pentyl acetylene

C12H22 6975-99-1

 

 

1-Dodecyne

n-Decyl acetylene

C12H22 765-03-7

-19

225

1-Tridecyne

n-Undecyl acetylene

C13H24 26186-02-7 -5

234

1-Tetradecyne

n-Dodecyl acetylene

C14H26 765-10-6

 

252

1-Pentadecyne

n-Tridecyl acetylene

C15H28 765-13-9

10

269

1-Hexadecyne

n-Tetradecyl acetylene

C16H30 629-74-3

25

285

1-Heptadecyne

n-Pentadecyl acetylene

C17H32 26186-00-5 22

300

1-Heptadecyne

n-Pentadecyl acetylene

C17H32 26186-00-5

22

300

2-Octadecyne

 

C18H34

 

 

325

1-Octadecyne

 

C18H34 629-89-0

 

 

1-Nonadecyne

 

C19H36

 

33

329

1-Eicosyne

1-Icosyne C20H38

 

36

342