BUTYRIC ANHYDRIDE

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO. 106-31-0

BUTYRIC ANHYDRIDE

EINECS NO. 203-383-4
FORMULA (CH3CH2CH2CO)2O
MOL WT. 158.20
H.S. CODE 2915.90

TOXICITY

Oral rat LD50: 8790 mg/kg
SYNONYMS Butanoic Anhydride; Butyryl Oxide; Butyranhydride;
Butanoic Acid, Anhydride; Butyranhydrid; Butyric Acid Anhydride; N-butyric Acid Anhydride; N-butyric Anhydride; Anhydride butyrique; Anhydrid Kyseliny Maselne;

SMILES

 

CLASSIFICATION

CARBOXYLIC ACID ANHYDRIDES /

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE

clear liquid

MELTING POINT -73 C
BOILING POINT

195 C

SPECIFIC GRAVITY 0.963
SOLUBILITY IN WATER reacts with water (decomposes)
pH

 

VAPOR DENSITY 5.5

AUTOIGNITION

 

REFRACTIVE INDEX

1.4130

NFPA RATINGS

Health: 1 Flammability: 2 Reactivity: 1
FLASH POINT

82 C

STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions

DESCRIPTION AND APPLICATIONS

Butyric Anhydride is used for the production of plastics, plasticizers, surfactants and textile auxiliaries. It is also used in food additives, flavorings, varnishes, perfumes, pharmaceuticals and disinfectants. It is used in the synthesis of butyrate ester widely used as perfumes and flavours.

SALES SPECIFICATION

APPEARANCE

clear liquid

ANHYDRIDE CONTENT

98.05 min

ACETYLS

0.3% max

PROPIONYLS

0.3% max

COLOR, APHA

15 max

TRANSPORTATION
PACKING  
HAZARD CLASS 8 (Packing group: III)
UN NO. 2739

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF ANHYDRIDE

Anhydride is a compound formed by the abstraction of a molecule of water, H2O, from a substance. The term acid anhydride is restricted sometime to the anhydride formed especially from an acid by dehydration or one that revert to the original substance upon hydration. In case of bimolecular, it can be composed of two molecules of the corresponding acid. The term mixed anhydride is an acid anhydride composed of two different acids. Examples are adenosine triphosphate or an aminoacyl adenylate. The anhydrides of bases are oxides.

Anhydrides of inorganic acids are usually oxides of nonmetallic elements. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the anhydride of carbonic acid, dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5) is the anhydride of nitric acid, sodium oxide is an anhydride of sodium hydroxide, phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5) is the anhydride of phosphoric acid, and sulfur trioxide (SO3) is the anhydride of sulfuric acid. An acid anhydride forms an acid; a base anhydride forms a base. Sulfur trioxide (acid anhydride) reacts with water to form sulfuric acid (an acid product). Calcium oxide (an base anhydride) reacts with water to form calcium hydroxide (a base product).

Organic anhydrides contain the carbonyl group (CO). Organic anhydrides are formed by the condensation of original acids. Lactone, an internal cyclic monoester, is an anhydride derived from the hydroxyl and carboxyl radicals. In organic chemistry, most anhydride compounds are derived from corresponding carboxylic acids. Carboxylic anhydrides, general formula (RCO)2O, are the dehydration product of two carboxylic acid molecules. The name of carboxylic anhydride is given first from the original acid, followed by the separate word "anhydride". [CH3(CH2)2CO]2O is butanoic anhydride, CH3COOCOCH2CH3 is ethanoic propanoic anhydride (or acetic propionic anhydride). Anhydrides are more reactive than the parent acids. Anhydrides are typically not target molecules, but rather they are used as intermediates for the synthesis of other organic members such as esters and amides for the industrial applications include dyes, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, plastics, fibers, curing agents, plasticizers and many others. The reactivity of carboxylic acid derivatives are in order of acyl halides > anhydrides >> esters acids >> amides.  Anhydrides react with alcohols to form esters; acetic anhydride [(CH3CO)2O] reacts with ethanol (C2H5OH) to form ethyl acetate (CH3COOC2H5) used as a common solvent. Anhydrides also react with ammonia and primary or secondary amines to form amides. Anhydrides react with water to form their corresponding acids.