Safety Data Sheet
Information Portal (U.S. National Library of Medicine) - PENTAERYTHRITOL
China is the largest pentaerythritol producer in the world, with capacity
accounting for more than 53% of the world's total in 2010. The strong demand of
automobile and construction industries in China, together with the great need
from overseas market drives China's pentaerythritol to develop
quickly. Also, with technology enhancement, the quality of Chinese
pentaerythritol has improved significantly in recent years, and China starts
producing tripentaerythritol in 2010. With the development of pentaerythritol
industry, the product structure adjustment in China will continue. It is a trend
that the high-grade monopentaerythritol will dominate the domestic market and
dipentaerythritol's production will increase quickly in the near future in
Moreover, domestic market of pentaerythritol consumption is huge
too. The main consumption fields of pentaerythritol are alkyd resin,
polyurethane, lubricant and rosin ester. Take alkyd resin for example, the quick
development of China's paint industry stimulates the demand for alkyd resin.
Compared with 2009, the consumption in alkyd resin in 2010 is higher than that
in 2009. With the industrial development, CCM predicts that the consumption
volume of pentaerythritol will continuously increase in the future.
(also called Tetramethylolmethane) is a polyalcohol
compound containing 4 esterficable hydroxyl groups
which characterize polyol functions. Almost infinite esters are
available from polyol. Polyol is essential in polyurethane
production. Pentaerythritol is a white crystalline odorless
solid; moderately soluble in cold water, freely soluble in hot
water; melting point 260
C and boiling point 276 C at 30 mm Hg. It is prepared
condensations of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde. and followed Cannizaro reaction.
It is used to make explosives such
as pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN). PETN, also known as penthrite, is
a white crystalline compound;
melting point 139 C; explodes at 205-215C; soluble in acetone, insoluble in water. Pentolite is
a highly reactive explosive composed of
pentaerythritol and trinitrotoluene.
Pentaerythritol is a basic material for polymer production.
is used to make alkyol resins, other coating compounds.
obtained from pentaerythritol is
an alkyd resin used in coatings and printing inks.
Pentaerythritol is used in the preparation of polyvinyl
chloride stabilizers, antioxidants, varnishes, paints, adhesives, and
other infinite derivatives. There are commercially three grades of pentaerythritol: mono ( 98 percent, with
di- and tripentaerythritol impurities), technical (88 percent, with 8 to 10
percent dipentaerythritol, balance tri-) and nitration (99 percent, with
di- and tripentaerythritol impurities).