Oral rat LD50: 1420 mg/kg|
1,3-Dichloro-1,3,5-triazinetrione sodium salt;
SDIC; Troclosene; |
Troclosene sodium; 1-Sodium-3,5-dichloro-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-trione; 1-Sodium-3,5-dichloro-s-triazine-2,4,6-trione;
Sodium 1,3-dichloroisocyanurate; Simpla;
Sodium salt of 1,3-dichloro-s-triazinetrione;
1,3-Dichloro-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione sodium salt;
s-Triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione, dichloro-, sodium salt;
1,3-Dichloro-s-triazine-2,4,6-(1H,3H,5H)-trione sodium salt; Monosodium
troclosene sodium; Sodium dichloro-s-triazine trione; NaDCC; Other
RN: 10119-30-9, 12676-23-2, 13023-28-4, 16499-74-4, 25717-18-4,
76560-28-6, 81918-50-5, 200401-83-8
Germicide, Bactericide, Disinfectant, Herbicide
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 081404
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
granular or powder or Tablets|
( 230 - 250 C)
|| Health: 2 Flammability: 0 Reactivity: 2
Physical hazards OX|
under ordinary conditions|
Information Portal (U.S. National Library of Medicine) - Troclosene sodium
- Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate
- Troclosene sodium
- Sodium dichloroisocyanurate
Safety Data Sheet
dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) forms hypochlorous acid
when dissolved in water. It is available as powder or
tablets. NaDCC powder has 60% available chlorine; NaDCC
tablets contain 1.5 g available chlorine per tablet.
Advantages: NaDCC does not decompose as quickly as sodium
or calcium hypochlorite. Tablets are easy to use for
measuring. Disadvantages: More expensive than sodium
or calcium hypchlorite. Like all chlorine compounds,
they may corrode metal with prolonged exposure (>20
minutes) to concentrations greater than 0.5% unless
One of these household water treatment technologies is sodium
dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) tablets, an alternative to sodium hypochlorite
(NaOCl) solution, which is produced and distributed in many countries for water
treatment. Both NaDCC tablets and NaOCl solution disinfect water by
releasing free available chlorine in the form of hypochlorous acid, which is an
effective microbicide against a wide range of bacteria, viruses, and
parasites. Although NaOCl releases all its free available
chlorine immediately, NaDCC releases half of its free available chlorine
initially, leaving ¡°reservoir chlorine¡± that is released once the original free
available chlorine has been used up. NaDCC tablets' reservoir chlorine may be
especially advantageous when water is subject to high organic loads, as is
common in resource-poor and remote settings
(Reactant or reagent for):
·N-monochlorination and dehydrochlorination
of amino esters
·Chlorination to detect ammonium via formation
of colored zebra-bands in a deteting tube
antimicrobial polyurethane additives to control biofilm
of bromochloroisocyanurate for electrophilic cobromination of alkenes
and bromination of arenes
·Studies in regard to its antimicrobial
activity on fresh produce and for emergency disinfectant of contaminated
Triazine is the chemical species of six-membered heterocyclic ring compound with
three nitrogens replacing carbon-hydrogen units in the benzene ring structure.
The names of the three isomers indicate which of the carbon-hydrogen units on
the benzene ring position of the molecule have been replaced by nitrogens,
called 1,2,3-triazine, 1,2,4-triazine, and 1,3,5-triazine respectively.
Symmetrical 1,3,5-triazine is the common. Triazines are prepared from
2-azidocyclopropene through thermal rearrangement (1,2,3-triazine), from
1,2-dicarbonyl compound with amidrazone by condensation reaction
(1,2,4-triazine) and from cyanic acid amide by trimerization (1,3,5-triazine).
Pyridine is the aromatic nitrogen heterocycle compound having only one nitrogen,
and diazines are with 2 nitrogen atoms and tetrazines are with 4 nitrogen atoms
on the benzene ring system. Triazines are weak base. Triazines have much weaker
resonance energy than benzene, so nucleophilic substitution is preferred than
electrophilic substitution. Triazines are basic structure of herbicides,
examples are amitole (CAS #: 61-82-5), atrazine (CAS #: 1912-24-9), cyanazine
(CAS #: 21725-46-2), simazine (CAS #: 122-34-9), trietazine (CAS #: 1912-26-1).
Large volume of triazines are used in the manufacture of resin modifiers such
as melamine and benzoguanamine. Melamine (1,3,5-Triazine-2,4,6-triamine) is
reacted with formaldehyde to from a very durable thermoset resin. Benzoguanamine
(2,4-Diamino-6-phenyl-1,3,5-triazine) is used to increase thermoset properties
of alkyd, acrylic and formaldehyde resins. Triazines are also useful as
chromophore groups in colorants and Chlorine attached in Triazine compounds
undergo nucleophilic substitution reactions well with with hydroxyl groups in
cellulose fibres. Some triazine family compounds are used in pharmaceutical
industry as coupling agent for the synthesis of peptide in solid phase as well
as solution and as side chain of antibiotics. Triazine compounds are used in
formulating bactericide and fungicide. They are used as preservatives in oil
field applications. They are used as disinfectant, industrial deodorant and
biocide in water treatment. They are used as a bleaching agents.
Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate is a stabilised chlorine donor containing cyanuric acid
and used as a disinfectant, industrial deodorant
biocide in water treatment. It is used in detergents as a sanitizers.
granular or powder or or Tablets|
min or 60.0% min
Hazard Symbols: XN O N,|
Oxidizer: Contact with combustible/organic material may cause
fire. Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources
of ignition. Harmful if swallowed. Irritating to eyes, respiratory
system and skin. Contact with acids liberates toxic gas. Very toxic
to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the
H272: May intensify fire; oxidizer
H319: Causes serious eye irritation
May cause respiratory irritation
H400: Very toxic
to aquatic life
H410: Very toxic to aquatic life with long
EUH031: Contact with acids liberates toxic
P210: Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces.
- No smoking
P233: Keep container tightly closed
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray
release to the environment
P280: Wear protective gloves/protective
clothing/eye protection/face protection
P301+ P312: IF
SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel
P305 + P351 + P338: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously
with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present
and easy to do. Continue rinsing
2: Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other
sources of ignition.
8: Contact with combustible material
may cause fire.
22: Harmful if swallowed.
with acids liberates toxic gas.
36/37: Irritating to eyes
and respiratory system.
50/53: Very toxic to aquatic organisms,
may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
2: Keep out of the reach of children.
26: In case of contact with eyes, rinse
immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
In case of fire and/or explosion do not breathe fumes.
In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice
immediately (show the label where possible).
60: This material
and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions
/ safety data sheets.
OF CYANURIC ACID
(the isomer of fulminic acid) is an unstable (explosive), poisonous, volatile,
clear liquid with the structure of H-O-C¡ÕN (the oxoacid formed from the
pseudohalogen cyanide), which is readily converted to
cyamelide and fulminic
acid. There is another isomeric cyanic acid with the
structure of H-N=C=O, called isocyanic acid. Cyanate group (and isocyanate group) can react with itself.
Cyanuric acid (also called pyrolithic acid), white monoclinic crystal with
the structure of [HOC(NCOH)2N], is the trimer
of cyanic acid. The
of isocyanic acid
is called biuret.
- Cyanic acid:
- Fulminic acid: (H-C=N-O)
- Isocyanic acid:
- Cyanuric acid:
Cyanic acid hydrolyses to ammonia and carbon dioxide in
water. The salts and esters of cyanic acid are cyanates. But esters of
normal cyanic acid are not known. The salts and esters of isocyanic acid are
isocyanates. The isocyanate group reacts with the hydroxyl functional group to form a urethane linkage.
(or polyisocyanates) are monomers for polyurethane production. Polyurethane is
made from a variety of diisocyanates in conjunction with polyether and polyester
polyols as co-reactants by addition polymerization which needs at least two
-N=C=O groups. Polyurethanes are widely used in the manufacture of flexible and
rigid foams, fibres, coatings, and elastomers. If isocyanate monomer is polymerized
with amine group,
polyurea is produced. Cyanates (or Isocyanates) are readily
reacts with various
form of amine (including ammonia, primary-, secondary-amines, amides and ureas)
and hydroxyl functional group. They are used in the synthesis
for the target molecules such as pharmaceuticals, pesticides, textile softener, lubricants and industrial
disinfectants. They can convert to polycyclic compounds such as hydantoins
and imidazolons. They are used as plastic additives and as heat treatment salt
formulations for metals.