SUCCINIC ACID

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO. 110-15-6

SUCCINIC ACID

EINECS NO. 203-740-4
FORMULA HOOCCH2CH2COOH
MOL WT. 118.09
H.S. CODE

2917.19

TOXICITY

Oral rat LD50: 2260 mg/kg
SYNONYMS Butanedionic acid; Amber acid; Butanedioic acid;
Dihydrofumaric acid; asuccin; 1,2-ethanedicarboxylic acid; wormwood; wormwood acid; katasuccin; Asuccin; Bernsteinsaure (German); Kyselina Jantarova (Czech);

RAW MATERIALS

 

CLASSIFICATION

 

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Succinic Acid (Butanedioic Acid) is a dicarboxylic acid of four carbon atoms. It occurs naturally in plant and animal tissues. It plays a significant role in intermediary metabolism (Krebs cycle) in the body. Krebs cycle (also called citric acid cycle; tricarboxylic acid cycle) is a sequence process of enzymatic reaction which a two-carbon acetyl unit is oxidized to carbon dioxide and water to provide energy in the form of high-energy phosphate bonds. Succinic acid is a colourless crystalline solid with a melting point of 185 -187 C; soluble in water; slightly dissolved in ethanol, ether, acetone and glycerine; not dissolved in benzene, carbon sulfide, carbon tetrachloride and oil ether. The common method of synthesis of succinic acid is the catalytic hydrogenation of maleic acid or its anhydride. Carboxylic acid can yield acyl halides, anhydrides, esters, amides, and nitriles for the application of drug, agriculture, and food products, and other industrial uses.

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE Odorless white crystals
MELTING POINT 187 - 189 C
BOILING POINT 235 C
SPECIFIC GRAVITY 1.552
SOLUBILITY IN WATER

moderately soluble

pH

 

VAPOR DENSITY 3.04
AUTOIGNITION

630 C

NFPA RATINGS Health: 2; Flammability: 1; Reactivity: 0

REFRACTIVE INDEX

1.405
FLASH POINT

206 C

STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions

APPLICATIONS

Flavoring agent for food and beverages; Producing five heterocyclic compounds, Intermediate for dyes, perfumes, lacquers, photographic chemicals, alkyd resins, plasticizer, Metal treatment chemical, vehicle water cooling systems and coatings. Medicines of sedative, antispasmer, antiplegm, antiphogistic, anrhoter, contraception and cancer-curing.

SALES SPECIFICATION

APPEARANCE

Colorless to white crystalline power

PURITY

99.50% min

FUMARIC & MALEIC ACID

0.1% max

MOISTURE

0.5% max

MELTING POINT

185 - 189 C

CHLORIDE (Cl )

0.002% max

IRON (Fe )

0.002% max

SULFATE ( SO4)

0.002% max

ARSENIC ( As )

3ppm max

HEAVY METAL (As Pb )

10ppm max

TRANSPORTATION
PACKING 25kgs in bag
HAZARD CLASS  
UN NO.  
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF DICARBOXYLIC ACID
Dicarboxylic acid is a compound containing two carboxylic acid, -COOH, groups. Straight chain examples are shown in table. The general formula is HOOC(CH2)nCOOH, where oxalic acid's n is 0, n=1 for malonic acid, n=2 for succinic acid, n=3 for glutaric acid, and etc. In substitutive nomenclature, their names are formed by adding -dioic' as a suffix to the name of the parent compound. They can yield two kinds of salts, as they contain two carboxyl groups in its molecules. The range of carbon chain lengths is from 2, but the longer than C 24 is very rare. The term long chain refers to C 12 up to C 24 commonly. Carboxylic acids have industrial application directly or indirectly through acid halides, esters, salts, and anhydride forms, polymerization, and etc. Dicarboxylic acids can yield two kinds of salts or esters, as they contain two carboxyl groups in one molecule. It is useful in a variety of industrial applications include;
  • Plasticizer for polymers
  • Biodegradable solvents and lubricants
  • Engineering plastics
  • Epoxy curing agent
  • Adhesive and powder coating
  • Corrosion inhibitor
  • Perfumery and pharmaceutical
  • Electrolyte

There are almost infinite esters obtained from carboxylic acids. Esters are formed by removal of water from an acid and an alcohol. Carboxylic acid esters are used as in a variety of direct and indirect applications. Lower chain esters are used as flavouring base materials, plasticizers, solvent carriers and coupling agents. Higher chain compounds are used as components in metalworking fluids, surfactants, lubricants, detergents, oiling agents, emulsifiers, wetting agents textile treatments and emollients, They are also used as intermediates for the manufacture of a variety of target compounds. The almost infinite esters provide a wide range of viscosity, specific gravity, vapor pressure, boiling point, and other physical and chemical properties for the proper application selections.

C length (Straight)

Product

CAS #

Melting Point

Boiling Point

C 2

Oxalic Acid
(
Ethanedioic Acid)
144-62-7

189 - 191 C

Sublimes

C 3

Malonic Acid
(
Propanedioic Acid)

141-82-2 131 - 135 C

Decomposes

C 4

Succinic Acid
(Butanedioic Acid)

110-15-6

185 - 190 C

235 C

C 5

Glutaric Acid
(
Pentanedioic Acid)

110-94-1

95 - 99 C

302 C

C 6

Adipic Acid
(Hexanedioic Acid)

124-04-9

151 - 153 C

265 C at 100 mmHg

C 7

Pimelic Acid
(Heptanedioic Acid)

111-16-0

105 - 106 C

212 C at 10 mmHg

C 8

Suberic Acid
(Octanedioic Acid)

505-48-6

143 - 144 C

230 C at 15 mmHg

C 9

Azelaic Acid
(Nonanedioic Acid)

123-99-9

100 - 103 C

237 C at 15 mmHg

C 10

Sebacic Acid
(Decanedioic Acid)

111-20-6

131 - 134 C

294 at 100 mmHg

C 11

Undecanedioic acid 1852-04-6

109 - 110 C

 

C 12

Dodecanedioic acid 693-23-2

128 - 129 C

245 C at 10 mmHg

C 13

Brassylic acid
(
Tridecanedioic acid)
505-52-2

112 - 114 C

 

C 14

Tetradecanedioic acid 821-38-5

126 - 128 C

 

C 15

Pentadecanedioic acid 1460-18-0

 

 

C 16

Thapsic acid
(
Hexadecanedioic acid)
505-54-4

124 - 126 C

 

C 18

Octadecanedioic acid

871-70-5