SORBITAN LAURATE

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO. 1338-39-2

SORBITAN LAURATE 

EINECS NO. 215-663-3
FORMULA C18H34O6
MOL WT. 346.46

H.S. CODE

3402.13

TOXICITY

Oral rat LD50: 33600 mg/kg
SYNONYMS Sorbitan Monolaurate; Sorbitan Monoldodecanoate;
SMILES

Sorbitol, Fatty Acid

CLASSIFICATION

SURFACTANTS /

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE yellow liquid
MELTING POINT  
BOILING POINT

 

SPECIFIC GRAVITY 1.032
SOLUBILITY IN WATER Insoluble ( soluble in mineral oil and alcohols )
pH  
VAPOR DENSITY

 

HLB VALUE

8.6

AUTOIGNITION

 

NFPA RATINGS

 

REFRACTIVE INDEX

 

FLASH POINT

 

STABILITY

Stable under ordinary conditions

GENERAL DESCRIPTION & APPLICATIONS

Sorbitol is a white, sweetish, hygroscopic, crystalline sugar alcohol of six-carbon. It is found naturally in various berries and fruits. Or it is prepared synthetically by high-pressure catalytic hydrogenation of glucose sugar derived from cornstarch. It melts at 93 to 98 C depending on the form. It is used as a a sweetening agent, food additive, toothpaste, tobacco, toiletries and in cosmetics. It is used for vitamin-C fermentation. It is used as a excipient and intravenous osmotic diuretic in pharmaceutical fields. It is also used in the manufacture of polyethers for polyurethanes and surfactants. The term sorbitan describes the anhydride form of sorbitol, whose fatty acids are lipophilic whereas sorbitol body is hydrophilic. This bifunctionality in one molecule provides the basic properties useful in cleaners, detergents, polymer additives, and textile industry as emulsifiers, wetting agents, and viscosity modifiers. Sorbitan esters are rather lipophilic (or hydrophobic) surfactants exhibiting low HLB (Hydrophilic-Lipophilic Balance) values; having an affinity for, tending to combine with, or capable of dissolving in lipids (or water-insoluble). While, the ethoxylated sorbitan esters are hydrophilics exhibiting high HLB values; having an affinity for water; readily absorbing or dissolving in water. The type of fatty acid and the mole number of ethylene oxide provides diverse HLB values for proper applications.

HLB numbers describe following characterestics:

<10 : Lipid soluble (or water-insoluble)
>10 : Water Soluble
4-8 : Antifoaming
7-11 : Water-in-oil emulsion
12-16 : Oil-in-water emulsion
11-14 : Good Wetting
12-15 : Good detergency
16-20 : Stabilizing

HLB values of sorbitan compounds are:

Surfactants

HLB Value

CAS RN

Sorbitan hexastearate ethoxylate EO 6 mole

3.0

 

Sorbitan isostearate

4.3

 

Sorbitan laurate

8.6

1338-39-2
Sorbitan monoisostearate ethoxylate EO 20 mole

15.0

66794-58-9
Sorbitan monolaurate ethoxylate EO 20 mole

16.9

9005-64-5
Sorbitan monooleate ethoxylate EO 20 mole

15.0

9005-65-6
Sorbitan monopalmitate ethoxylate EO 20 mole

15.6

9005-66-7
Sorbitan monostearate ethoxylate EO 20 mole

14.9

9005-67-8
Sorbitan monstearate ethoxylate EO 6 mole

9.5

 

Sorbitan oleate

4.3

1338-43-8 

Sorbitan palmitate

6.7

26266-57-9

Sorbitan sesquioleate

4.5

8007-43-0

Sorbitan stearate

4.7

1338-41-6
Sorbitan tetraoleate ethoxylate EO 30 mole

11.5

 

Sorbitan tetraoleate ethoxylate EO 40 mole

12.5

 

Sorbitan tetraoleate ethoxylate EO 6 mole

8.5

63089-86-1
Sorbitan tetrastearate ethoxylate EO 60 mole

13.0

66828-20-4
Sorbitan trioleate ethoxylate EO 20 mole

11.0

9005-70-3

Sorbitan trioleate

1.8

26266-58-0
Sorbitan tristearate ethoxylate EO 20 mole

10.5

9005-71-4

Sorbitan tristearate

2.1

26658-19-5
SALES SPECIFICATION

APPEARANCE

yellow to brown liquid
ACID VALUE
8.0 max
HYDROXYL VALUE
330 - 360
SAP VALUE

150 - 175

MOISTURE
1.0% max
TRANSPORTATION
PACKING

200kgs in drum

HAZARD CLASS Not regulated
UN NO.  

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF NONIONIC SURFACTANTS

Nonionic surfactants are surface active agents which do not dissociate into ions in aqueous solutions, unlike anionic surfactants which have a negative charge and cationic surfactants which have a positive charge in aqueous solution. Nonionic surfactants are more widely used as detergents than ionic surfactants because anionic surfactants are insoluble in many hard water and cationic surfactants are considered to be poor cleaners. In addition to detergency, nonionic surfactants show excellent solvency, low foam properties and chemical stability. It is thought that nonionic surfactants are mild on the skin even at high loadings and long-term exposure. The hydrophilic group of nonionic surfactants is a polymerized alkene oxide (water soluble polyether with 10 to 100 units length typically). They are prepared by polymerization of ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, and butylene oxide in the same molecule. Depending on the ratio and order of oxide addition, together with the number of carbon atoms which vary the chemical and physical properties, nonionic surfactant is used as a wetting agent, a detergent, or an emulsifier. Nonionic surfactants include alcohol ethoxylates, alkylphenol ethoxylates, phenol ethoxylates, amide ethoxylates, glyceride ethoxylates (soya bean oil and caster oil ethoxylates), fatty acid ethoxylates, and fatty amine ethoxylates. Another commercially significant nonionic surfactants are the alkyl glycosides in which the hydrophilic groups are sugars (polysaccharides).

PRICES

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