BUTYLATED HYDROXYTOLUENE

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO.

128-37-0

BUTYLATED HYDROXYTOLUENE

EINECS NO. 204-881-4
FORMULA

C6H2(OH)(CH3)(C(CH3)3)2

MOL WT.

220.34

H.S. CODE

2907.19.8000

UN NO.

3077

TOXICITY

Oral rat LD50: 890 mg/kg
SYNONYMS Butylated hydroxytoluene; BHT
2,6-Bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methylphenol; 2,6-Di-t-butyl-p-cresol;  2,6-Bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methylphenol; Ionol; 1-Hydroxy-4-methyl-2,6-di-tert-butylbenzene; 2,6-Di-t-butyl-4-methylphenol; 2,6-Di-t-butyl-p-cresol; 2,6-Di-terc.butyl-p-kresol (Czech); 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-1-hydroxy-4-methylbenzene; 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-cresol; 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxytoluene; 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methylhydroxybenzene; 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol; 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol; 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-methylphenol; 3,5-Di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxytoluene; 4-Hydroxy-3,5-di-tert-butyltoluene; 4-Methyl-2,6-di-terc. butylfenol (Czech); 4-Methyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol; 4-Methyl-2,6-tert-butylphenol; Alkofen BP; Antioxidant 264; Antioxidant 29; Antioxidant 30; Antioxidant 4; Antioxidant 4K; Antioxidant DBPC; Antioxidant KB; Antox QT; Butylated hydroxytoluol; Butylhydroxytoluene; Butylohydroksytoluenu (Polish); Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol; Di-tert-butyl-p-methylphenol; Dibunol; Dibutylated hydroxytoluene; Impruvol; Stavox; Tonarol; Vulkanox KB; o-Di-tert-butyl-p-methylphenol; 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-p-kresol (Dutch)   2,6-di-tert-butyl-p-cré sol (French) 2,6-di-terc-butil-p-cresol  (Spanish)  Other RN.: 102962-45-8, 259752-53-9, 290348-23-1, 36631-28-4, 42615-30-5, 50356-19-9, 50641-99-1, 52683-46-2, 53571-70-3, 58500-82-6, 83047-16-9, 97123-41-6.
SMILES

c1(c(O)c(C(C)(C)C)cc(c1)C)C(C)(C)C

CLASSIFICATION

Antioxidant

EXTRA NOTES

A di-tert-butyl phenol with antioxidant properties.
Overall Carcinogenic Evaluation: Group 3.
FEMA No. 2184
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 022105 

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE
white crystals or crystalline powder
MELTING POINT 71 C
BOILING POINT

265 C

SPECIFIC GRAVITY

1.048

SOLUBILITY IN WATER Insoluble (0.6 mg/l at 25 C)
SOLVENT SOLUBILITY Freely soluble in toluene soluble in hydrocarbon solvents, methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, acetone, benzene, methyl ethyl ketone, petroleum ether, and cellosolve
VAPOR DENSITY

7.6

pKa 12.23 (Dissociation Constant at 25 C)
log Pow 5.1 (Octanol-water)
HENRY LAW CONSTANT 4.12E-06 (atm-m3/mole at 25 C)
OH RATE CONSTANT 1.83E-11 (cm3/molecule-sec at 25 C Atmospheric)

REFRACTIVE INDEX

 

NFPA RATINGS

Health: 2 Flammability: 1 Reactivity: 0

AUTOIGNITION

 

FLASH POINT

127 C

STABILITY

Stable under ordinary conditions

EXTERNAL LINKS & GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Wikipedia Linking

Material Safety Data Sheet

Google Scholar Search

http://www.datasync.com/
BHT molecules host seven CH
3 methyl groups. A methyl group consists of three hydrogen atoms bonded to a carbon atom which is linked to the remainder of a molecule.(2) In the colored stick diagram, the methyl group hydrogen atoms are shown as match heads to remind readers of their roles as hydrogen donor free radical scavengers. Their anthromorphic motto might be "Light my fire!" (These last two sentences are written by a non-chemist. It may turn out that something else about the molecule causes it's radical scavenging activity. Input is welcome!)

Local: Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), chemically 2,6-di-tert-butyl-p-cresol (DBPC), is a white crystalline solid with a faint characteristic odor. It is insoluble in water and in propylene glycol, but is freely soluble in alcohol. It is obtained by alkylation of p-cresol with isobutene or by monobutylation of m,p-cresol mixtures. BHT is used as a chemical antioxidant for food, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals much like butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA). BHA is insoluble in water, but is freely soluble in alcohol and in propylene glycol. BHA is the mixture of 3-tert-buryl-4-hydroxyanisole (typically 90% w/w) and 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole. These phenol derivatives react with the free radicals (called free radical scavengers) can slow the rate of autoxidation that can lead to changes in the food's color and taste. Other antioxidants for food are phosphoric acid, citric acid, gallic acid, ascorbic acid and their esters which form complexes with the pro-oxidative metal traces. Antimicrobial process is also important in preserving foods. BHT and BHA  are used as an antioxidant in plastics, elastomers and petroleum (lubes, greases and waxes), practically bigger market size than food field. BHT is also used as a stabilizer to inhibit the auto-polymerization of organic peroxides.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF ANTIOXIDANT: Antioxidant is a substance added in small quantities to hydrocarbons which are susceptible to oxidation, such as rubbers, plastics, foods, and oils to inhibit or slow oxidative processes, while being itself oxidized.  Antioxidants work in two different ways. In primary antioxidants (also called free-radical scavengers), antioxidative activity is implemented by the donation of an electron or hydrogen atom to a radical derivative. These antioxidants are usually hindered amines (p-Phenylene diamine, trimethyl dihydroquinolines, alkylated diphenyl amines) or substituted phenolic compounds with one or more bulky functional groups such as a tertiary butyl at 2,6 position commonly. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) is a common example of hindered phenolic antioxidant. The reaction rate, or carbocation stability, in SN1 mechanism is 3° > 2° > 1° > CH3 (no SN1) so, tertiary alkyl moiety exists in lots of phenolic antioxidant compounds. Primary antioxidants are free radical scavengers which combine with peroxy radicals and break autocatalytic cycle. In secondary antioxidants ( also called peroxide decomposers), activity is implemented by the removal of an oxidative catalyst and the consequent prevention of the initiation of oxidation. Examples of peroxide decomposer type of antioxidant are trivalent phosphorous and divalent sulfurcontaining compound such as sulfides, thiodipropionates and organophosphites. Synergistic effect is expected when primary antioxidants are used together with secondary antioxidants as primary antioxidants are not very effective against the degradation by UV oxidation. Sometimes, chelating agents are added to scavenge metal impurities which can initiate decomposition.

SALES SPECIFICATION

FOOD GRADE

APPEARANCE

white crystals or crystalline powder

MELTING POINT

69 - 70 C

MOISTURE

0.1% max

SULFATE

0.002% max

HEAVY METALS

0.0004% max

As

0.0001% max

FREE CRESOL

0.02% max

INDUSTRIAL GRADE

APPEARANCE

white crystals or crystalline powder

MELTING POINT

68.5 - 70 C

FREE METHYL PHENOL

0.3% max

ASH

0.03% max

MOISTURE

0.1% max

TRANSPORTATION
PACKING
25kgs in bag
HAZARD CLASS  
UN NO.  
SAFETY INFORMATION
Hazard Symbols: XN, Risk Phrases: 22-36/37/38, Safety Phrases: 24/25
PRICE INFORMATION