4-HYDRAZINOBENZENESULFONIC ACID


PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

CAS NO. 98-71-5

4-HYDRAZINOBENZENESULFONIC ACID

EINECS NO. 202-694-2
FORMULA C6H8N2O3S
MOL WT. 188.20

H.S. CODE

 

TOXICITY

 
SYNONYMS

Phenylhydrazine-4-Sulphonic Acid;

p-hydrazino-Benzenesulfonic acid; 4-Sulfophenylhydrazine; p-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic acid; Phenylhydrazine-p-sulfonic acid;
SMILES

 

CLASSIFICATION

 

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

PHYSICAL STATE yellow powder
MELTING POINT Decomposes
BOILING POINT  
SPECIFIC GRAVITY

 

SOLUBILITY IN WATER soluble

SOLVENT SOLUBILITY

 

pH  
VAPOR DENSITY

 

REFRACTIVE INDEX

 

NFPA RATINGS

 

AUTOIGNITION

 

FLASH POINT

 

STABILITY Stable under normal conditions

APPLICATIONS

Hydrazine (anhydrous), H2NNH2, is a clear, fuming, corrosive liquid with an ammonia-like odor; melting at 1.4 C, boiling at 113.5 C, specific gravity 1.011. It is very soluble in water and soluble in alcohol. It decomposes on heating or exposure to UV to form ammonia, hydrogen, and nitrogen, which may be explosive with a blue flame when catalysed by metal oxides and some metals such as platinum or Raney nickel. It is prepared from ammonia with chloramine in the presence of glue or gelatin (to inhibit decomposition of the hydrazine by unreacted oxidants) as the hydrate form usually (100% monohydrate contains 64% by weight hydrazine). Hydrazine is also prepared from sodium hypochlorite with urea in the presence of glue or gelatin.  Botht ammonia and amines are nitrogen nucleophiles which donate electrons (they are Lewis bases). But hydrazine (diamine) has much stronger nucleophilicity which makes it more reactive than ammonia. Hydrazine has dibasic and very reactive properties. Hydrazine is used as a component in jet fuels because it produce a large amount of heat when burned. It is less flammable and less volatile than hydrocarbon fuels. It is relatively environmentally friendly because they degrade quickly in the environment. Hydrazine is used as an oxygen scavenger for water boiler feed and heating systems to prevent corrosion damage. Hydrazine is used as a reducing agent for the recovery of precious metals. It is used as a polymerization catalyst and a chain extender in urethane coatings. It, or a derivative thereof, is versatile intermediate. They have active applications in organic synthesis for agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, photographic, heat stabilizers, polymerization catalysts, flame-retardants, blowing agents for plastics, explosives, and dyes. Recently, hydrazine is applied to LCD (liquid crystal displays) as the fuel to make faster thin-film transistors. Hydrazone is a compound containing the group -NH·N:C-. It is formed from a condensation reaction aldehydes or ketones with hydrazines (commonly phenylhydrazine). It is used as an exotic fuel. Aromatic hydrazones are used to form indole by a ring closure reaction (Fischer synthesis). Hydrazones and hydrazines are converted to aldehydes and ketones to corresponding hydrocarbons by heating the carbonyl compound with sodium ethoxide (Wolf-Kishner reduction). Azide contains the group -N3 represented as a resonance hybrid of two structures, -N-N-N+    -N=N+=N-. Organic azides are compounds replaced by a hydrocarbon group as in alkyl or aryl from hydrazoic acid (HN3)and have general formula RN3. Acyl azide is a compound in which the hydroxy group of a carboxylic acid is replaced by the azido group (HN3). Hydrazide is an acyl hydrazine. Acyl (-CO) is an organic radical formed by removal of a hydroxyl group from an organic acid (carboxyl group). Organic azides are useful for the synthesis of target compounds. They act as electrophiles on the nitrogen attached to the carbon and have electron-donating character for the neighboring carbon.

Sulfonic acid is a compound with general formula RSO2OH, where R is an aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon. It is a derivative of sulfuric acid (HOSO2OH) where an OH has been replaced by a carbon group or a compound where a hydrogen atom has been replaced by treatment with sulfuric acid; for example, benzene is converted to benzenesulfonic acid (water-soluble). Sulfonic acid has a sulfur atom bonded to a carbon atom of a hydrocarbon and bonded also to three oxygen atoms, one of which has been attached to a hydrogen atom. Sulfonic acid is acidic due to the hydrogen atom, stronger than a carboxylic acid. Sulfonic acid is one of the most important organo sulfur compounds in organic synthesis. Sulfonic acids are used as catalysts in esterification, alkylation and condensation reactions. Sulfonates are salts or esters of sulfonic acid. Sulfonic salts are soluble in water. Sulfonic acid and its salts present in organic dyes provide useful function of water solubility and or improve the washfastness of dyes due to their capabiltity of binding more tightly to the fabric. They are widely used in the detergent industry. Alkylbenzene sulfonic acid is the largest-volume synthetic surfactant because of its relatively low cost, good performance, the fact that it can be dried to a stable powder and the biodegradable environmental friendliness. Sulfonate cleaners do not form an insoluble precipitates in hard water. Sulfonic acid salts and esters are intermediates widely used in organic synthesis and particularly phenolic compounds and cation exchange resins. They are synthetic intermediate for a number of biologically active compounds and pharmaceutical candidates such as sulfa drugs.

4-Hydrazinobenzenesulfonic Acid is used as an intermediate to manufacture pharmaceuticals, dyes and other organic synthesis.

SALES SPECIFICATION

APPEARANCE

yellow powder

PURITY

90.0% min

INSOLUBLES IN WATER

0.1% max

TRANSPORTATION
PACKING 25kgs in bag
HAZARD CLASS  
UN NO.  



PRICE INFORMATION

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