1-Butanol, a four carbon straight chain alcohol, is a volatile, clear liquid with
a strong alcoholic odor; boils at 118 C, miscible with water. It is a highly
refractive compound which corrodes some plastics, and rubbers. It is miscible
with many organic solvents, and incompatible with strong oxidizers. It is
flammable strongly with a luminous flame. It is used as a direct solvent and as
an intermediate in the manufacture of other organic chemicals (e.g. Butyl
acrylate and methacrylate, glycol ethers, butyl acetate, direct solvent use,
plasticizers, amino resins, miscellaneous, including butylamines). Butanol and
its derivatives continue to benefit from the long-term growth of water-based
coatings formulations of all kinds. Analysts estimate that nearly 70 percent of
all exterior architectural paints and as much as 85 percent of interior paints
are now water-based. For butanol, butyl acrylate and butyl acetate, become
increasingly important. Uses include :
Solvent for paints, coatings,
varnishes, resins, gums, dyes, camphor, vegetable oils, dyes, fats, waxes,
resins, shellac, rubbers, and alkaloids.
Solvent in the purification of
polyolefins, Alkyd resin coatings
Intermediate in manufacturing other chemicals, esters of
herbicides pharmaceuticals, veterinary medicine
Swelling agent in
Manufacturing safety glass, hydraulic fluids, and detergent
Extractant in manufacturing antibiotics, vitamins, and
Manufacturing garments from polyvinyl butyral-coated fabric,
Cement additive to increase the fineness
Melamine formaldehyde resins.
0.810 - 0.812
max ( KOH mg/kg)
PRECAUTION IN HANDLING
Protect against physical damage. Store in a cool, dry
well-ventilated location, away from any area where the fire hazard may be acute.
Outside or detached storage is preferred. Separate from incompatibles.
Containers should be bonded and grounded for transfers to avoid static sparks.
Storage and use areas should be No Smoking areas. Use non-sparking type tools
and equipment, including explosion proof ventilation. Containers of this
material may be hazardous when empty since they retain product residues (vapors,
liquid); observe all warnings and precautions listed for the product.